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AIM 2015 SENIOR REVIEW PROPOSAL REFERENCES

Alexander, M. J., and C. Barnet (2007), Using satellite observations to constrain gravity wave parameterizations for global models, J. Atmos. Sci., 64(5), 1652–1665.

Alexander, M. J., et al. (2008), Global estimates of gravity wave momentum flux from High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder Observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15S18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JD008807.

Bailey, M. S., G. E. Thomas, D. W. Rusch, A. W. Merkel, C. Jeppesen, J. N. Carstens, C. E. Randall, W. E. McClintock, andJ. M. Russell III (2009), Phase Functions of Polar Mesospheric Cloud Ice as Observed by the CIPS Instrument on the AIM Satellite, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.039.

Bailey, S. M., B. Thurairajah, C. E. Randall, L. Holt, D. E. Siskind, V. L. Harvey, K. Venkataramani, M. E. Hervig, P. Rong, J. M. Russell III (2014), A multi tracer analysis of thermosphere to stratosphere descent triggered by the 2013 stratospheric sudden warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 5216–5222, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL059860.

Bailey, S. M., G. E. Thomas, M. E. Hervig, J. D. Lumpe, C. E. Randall, J. N. Carstens, B. Thurairajah, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Russell, III, and L. L. Gordley (2015), Comparing nadir and limb observations of polar mesospheric clouds: the effect of the assumed particle size distribution, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 2015

Bardeen, C. G., O. B. Toon, E. J. Jensen, D. R. Marsh, and V. L. Harvey (2008), Numerical simulations of the three-dimensional distribution of meteoric dust in the mesosphere and upper stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res.,113, D17202, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009515.

Bardeen, C. G., O.B. Toon, E. Jensen, M. E. Hervig, C. E. Randall, S. Benze, D. R. Marsh, and A. W. Merkel (2010), Numerical simulations of the three-dimensional distribution of polar mesospheric clouds and comparisons with CIPS and SOFIE observations, J. Geophys. Res.,115, D10204, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012451.

Baumgarten, G., A. Chandran, J. Fiedler, P. Hoffman, N. Kaifler, J. Lumpe, A. Merkel, C. E. Randall, D. Rusch, and G. Thomas (2012), On the horizontal and temporal structure of noctilucent 11clouds as observed by satellite and lidar at ALOMAR (69N), Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L01803, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011GL049935.

Benze, S., C. E. Randall, M. T. DeLand, G. E. Thomas, D. W. Rusch,S. M. Bailey, J. M. Russell III,W. McClintock, A. W. Merkel, C. Jeppesen (2009),Comparison of Polar Mesospheric Cloud Measurements from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size Experiment and the Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument in 2007, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.07.014.

Benze, S., C. E. Randall, M. T. DeLand, G. E. Thomas, S. M. Bailey, J. M. Russell III and A. W. Merkel (2011), Evaluation of AIM CIPS measurements of Polar Mesospheric Clouds by comparison with SBUV data, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73, 2065-2072, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2011.02.003

Carbary, J. F., D. Morrison, and G. J. Romick (2000), Transpolar structure of polar mesospheric clouds, J. Geophy. Res., 105, 24763-24769.

Carstens, J. N. (2013), Understanding Uncertainties for Polar Mesospheric Cloud Retrievals and Initial Gravity Wave Observations in the Stratopause from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size Instrument, Dissertation, Virginia Tech.

Chandran, A., D. Rusch, S. E. Palo, G. E. Thomas, M. Taylor (2009), Gravity wave observation from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) Experiment on the AIM Spacecraft, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.041.

Chandran, A., D. W. Rusch, A. W. Merkel, S. E. Palo, G. E. Thomas, M. J. Taylor, S. M. Bailey, and J. M. Russell III (2010), Polar Mesospheric Cloud structures observed from the CIPS experiment on the AIM spacecraft: Atmospheric gravity waves as drivers for longitudinal variability in PMC occurrence, J. Geophys. Res., http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD013185.

Chandran, A., D. W. Rusch, G. E. Thomas, S. E. Palo, G. Baumgarten, E. J. Jensen, A. W. Merkel (2012)Atmospheric gravity wave effects on polar mesospheric clouds: A comparison of numerical simulations from CARMA 2D with AIM observations, J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D20), D20104,http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JD017794

Coy, L., S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, (2011) Mesospheric precursors to the major stratospheric sudden warming of 2009: Validation and dynamical attribution using a ground-to-edge-of-space data assimilation system, J. Adv. Mod. Earth Sys., 3, M10002

Dalin, P., Kirkwood, S., Andersen, H., Hansen, O., Pertsev, N., Romejko, V., (2006), Comparison of long-term Moscow and Danish NLC observations: statistical results, Ann. Geophys., 24, 2841–2849.

DeLand, M.T., E.P. Shettle, G.E. Thomas, and J.J. Olivero (2007), Latitude-dependent long-term variations in polar mesospheric clouds from SBUV version 3 PMC data, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10315, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006JD007857.

Dubietis, A., P. Dalin, R. Balčiūnas, and K. Černis (2010), Observations of noctilucent clouds from Lithuania, J. Atmos. Solar . Terr. Phys., 72, 1090–1099.

Eckermann, S. D., and P. Preusse (1999), Global measurements of stratospheric mountain waves from space, Science, 286, 1534-1537.

Eckerman et al., (2009), High-Altitude Data Assimilation System Experiments for the Northern Summer Mesosphere Season of 2007, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.036

Emmert, J. T., M. H. Stevens, P. F. Bernath, D. P. Drob and C. D. Boone (2012), Observations of increasing carbon dioxide concentration in Earth's thermosphere, Nature Geoscience, 5, 868-871, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1626.

Ern, M., P. Preusse, J. C. Gille, C. L. Hepplewhite, M. G. Mlynczak, J. M. Russell III, and M. Riese (2011), Implications for atmospheric dynamics derived from global observations of gravity wave momentum flux in stratosphere and mesosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D19107, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD015821.

Ern,M., andP.Preusse (2012), Gravity wave momentum flux spectra observed from satellite in the summertime subtropics: Implications for global modeling, Geophys. Res. Lett.,39, L15810, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052659

Fogle, B. and B. Haurwitz, Noctilucent Clouds, Space Sci. Rev., 6, 279-340, 1966.

Gerding, M., M. Kopp, P. Hoffmann, J. Höffner, and F.-J. Lübken (2013), Diurnal variations of midlatitude NLC parameters observed by daylight-capable lidar, and their relation to ambient parameters, Geophys. Res. Lett.40, 6390–6394, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013GL057955

Gómez-Ramírez, D., J. W. C. McNabb, J. M. Russell III, M. E. Hervig, L. E. Deaver, G. Paxton, and P. F. Bernath (2013), Empirical correction of thermal responses in the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment nitric oxide measurements and initial data validation results, Appl. Optics, Vol. 52, Issue 13, pp. 2950-2959, http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.52.002950

Gordley, L. L. , J. Burton, B. T. Marshall, M. McHugh, L. Deaver, J. Nelsen, J. M. Russell, and S. Bailey (2009), High Precision Refraction Measurements by Solar Imaging during Occultation: Results from SOFIE., App.Optics,48, Iss. 25, pp. 4814–4825, http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.004814

Gruzdev, A. N., H. Schmidt, and G. P. Brasseur (2009), The effect of the solar rotational irradiance variation on the middle and upper atmosphere calculated by a three-dimensional chemistry-climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 595–614.

Hervig, M., and D. Siskind (2006), Decadal and inter-hemispheric variability in polar mesospheric clouds, water vapor, and temperature, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 68, 30–41.

Hervig, M.E., L.L. Gordley, M. Stevens, J.M. Russell, S. Bailey, and G. Baumgarten (2009a), Interpretation of SOFIE PMC measurements: Cloud identification and derivation of mass density, particle shape, and particle size, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, 316-330, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.07.009

Hervig, M.E., L.L. Gordley, J.M. Russell, and S. Bailey (2009b), SOFIE PMC measurements during the northern summer of 2007, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, 331-339,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.08.010.

Hervig, M. E., L. L. Gordley, L. E. Deaver, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, J. M. Russell III, S. M. Bailey, L. Megner, and C. G. Bardeen (2009c), First satellite observations of meteoric smoke in the middle atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Letters, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039737.

Hervig, M. E., M. H. Stevens, L. L. Gordley, L. E. Deaver, J. M. Russell III, S. M. Bailey (2009d), Relationships between polar mesospheric clouds, temperature, and water vapor from Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment (SOFIE) observations, J. Geophys. Res., 114, No. D20, D20203, http://dx:doi.org/ 10.1029/2009JD012302.

Hervig, M. E., M. Rapp, R. Latteck, and L. L. Gordley (2010), Observations of mesospheric ice particles from the ALWIN radar and SOFIE, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2010.08.002.

Hervig, M. E., and L. L. Gordley (2010), The temperature, shape, and phase of mesospheric ice from SOFIE observations, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D15208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JD013918.

Hervig, M. E., L. E. Deaver, C. G. Bardeen, J. M. Russell, S. M. Bailey, and L. L. Gordley (2012), The content and composition of meteoric smoke in mesospheric ice particles from SOFIE observations, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2012.04.005.

Hervig, M. E., and M. H. Stevens (2014), Interpreting the 35-year SBUV PMC record with SOFIE observations, J. Geophys. Res., in press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JD021923.

Hendrickx, K. (2015), Effects of energetic particles on Nitric Oxide production in the MLT- region as seen by Odin/SMR and AIM/SOFIE, Conference on Sun-Climate Connections, Kiel, 16-19 March 2015

Hofmann, D., J. Barnes, M. O'Neill, M. Trudeau, and R. Neely (2009), Increase in background stratospheric aerosol observed with lidar at Mauna Loa Observatory and Boulder, Colorado, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L15808, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039008.

Hoffmann, L., Xue, X. and Alexander, M. J., (2013) A global view of stratospheric gravity wave hotspots located with Atmospheric In- frared Sounder observations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 416–434, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JD018658.

Holt, L. A., C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, J. A. France, J. M. Russell, III, J. D. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, and M. E. Hervig (2015), Summertime polar mesospheric clouds linked to wintertime surface cold air outbreaks, in revision at Geophysical Research Letters, Manuscript 2014GL062478.

Immel, T. J., E. Sagawa, S. L. England, S. B. Henderson, M. E. Hagan, S. B. Mende, H. U. Frey, C. M. Swenson, and L. J. Paxton (2006), Control of equatorial ionospheric morphology by atmospheric tides, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33, L15108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026161

Jackman, C.H., C. E. Randall, V. L. Harvey, S. Wang, E. L. Fleming, M. Lopez-Puertas, B. Funke, and P. F. Bernath (2014), Middle atmospheric changes caused by the January and March 2012 solar proton events, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1025-1038, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-1025-2014.

Jacobi, C. (1998), On the solar cycle dependence of winds and planetary waves as seen from mid-latitude D1 LF mesopause region wind measurements, Ann. Geophys., 16, 1534-1543, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00585-998-1534-3

Karlsson, B., C.E. Randall, V.L. Harvey, M. Mills, S. Benze, S.M. Bailey, J.M. Russell, III (2009), Intra-seasonal variability of polar mesospheric clouds due to inter-hemispheric coupling, Geophys. Res. Lett. 36 (20), http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GL040348.

Karlsson, B., C. E. Randall, T. G. Shepherd, V. L. Harvey, J. Lumpe, K. Nielsen, S. M. Bailey, M. Hervig, J. M. Russell III (2011),On the seasonal onset of polar mesospheric clouds and the breakdown of the stratospheric polar vortex in the Southern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res., 116, No. D18, D18107, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD015989.

Kirkwood, S., Dalin, P., and Réchou, A., (2008) Noctilucent clouds observed from the UK and Denmark – trends and variations over 43 years, Ann. Geophys., 26, 1243–1254, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-1243-2008.

Liu, X., J. Yue, J. Xu, L. Wang, W. Yuan, J. M. Russell III, M. E.Hervig (2014), Gravity wave variations in the polar stratosphere and mesosphere from SOFIE/AIM temperature observations, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 7368-7381, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JD021439

Lübken, F. J.; Berger, U. & Baumgarten, G., (2009), Stratospheric and solar cycle effects on long-term variability of mesospheric ice clouds, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 2009, 114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012377

Lübken, F.‐J., and U. Berger (2011), Latitudinal and interhemispheric variation of stratospheric effects on mesospheric ice layer trends, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00P03, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JD015258.

Lumpe, J.D., S.M. Bailey, J.N. Carstens, C.E. Randall, D.W. Rusch, G.E. Thomas, K. Nielsen, C. Jeppesen, W.E. McClintock, A.W. Merkel, L. Riesberg, B. Templeman, G. Baumgarten, J.M. Russell, IlI (2013), Retrieval of polar mesospheric cloud properties from CIPS: algorithm description, error analysis and cloud detection sensitivity, J. Atmos. Solar. Terr. Physics, 104, 167-196, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2013.06.007

Marshall, B. T., L. E. Deaver, R. E. Thompson, L. L. Gordley, M. J. McHugh, M. E. Hervig, and J. M. Russell III (2011), Retrieval of temperature and pressure using broadband solar occultation: SOFIE approach and results, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 893–907, 2011, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/amt-4-893-2011.

McClintock, W., D. W. Rusch, G. E. Thomas, A. W. Merkel, M. R. Lankton,V. A. Drake, S. M. Bailey, and J. M. Russell III (2009), The Cloud Imaging and Particle Size Experiment On The Aeronomy Of Ice In The Mesosphere Mission: Instrument Concept, Design, Calibration, And On-Orbit Performance, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.10.011.

McCormack, J. P.; Coy, L.; Singer, W. (2014) Intraseasonal and interannual variability of the quasi 2 day wave in the Northern Hemisphere summer mesosphere J. Geophys. Res., 119, Pages: 2928-2946

Megner, L, D. E. Siskind, M. Rapp, and J. Gumbel (2008), Global and temporal distribution of meteoric smoke; a 2D simulation study, J. Geophys. Res.,113, D03202, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007JD009054.

Merkel, A. W., D. R. Marsh, A. Gettelman, and E. J. Jensen (2009), On the relationship of polar mesospheric cloud ice water content, particle radius and mesospheric temperature and its use in multi-dimensional models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 8889-8901. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-9-8889-2009

Mingalev, I., and V. Mingalev (2012), Numerical modeling of the influence of solar activity on the global circulation in the Earth's mesosphere and lower thermosphere, Int. J. Geophys., http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/2012/106035

Nielsen, K, D. E. Siskind, S. D. Eckermann, K. W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J. P. McCormack, S. Benze, C. E. Randall, and M. E. Hervig (2010) Seasonal variation of the quasi 5 day planetary wave: Causes and consequences for polar mesospheric cloud variability in 2007, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D18111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012676

Oberheide, J. and J. M. Forbes (2008), Thermospheric nitric oxide variability induced by non-migrating tides, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L16814, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034825, 2008.

Phillips, T. (2014), Unexpected Teleconnections in Noctilucent Clouds, Science@NASA, http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/16apr_teleconnections/

Preusse, P., A. Dornbrack, S. D. Eckermann, M. Riese, B. Schaeler, J. T. Bacmeister, D. Broutman, and K. U. Grossmann (2002), Space-based measurements of stratospheric mountain waves by CRISTA, 1. Sensitivity, analysis method, and a case study, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D23), 8178, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JD000699.

Preusse, P., S. D. Eckermann, M. Ern, J. Oberheide, R. H. Picard, R. G. Roble, M. Riese, J. M. Russell III, and M. G. Mlynczak (2009), Global ray tracing simulations of the SABER gravity wave climatology, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D08126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008JD011214.

Roble, R.G., Dickinson, R.E., (1989), How will changes in carbon dioxide and methane modify the mean structure of the mesosphere and thermosphere?, Geophys. Res. Lett. 16, 1441–1444.

Robert, C. E., et al. (2010). First evidence of a 27 day solar signature in noctilucent cloud occurrence frequency, J. Geophys. Res, 115, D00I12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012359

Rong, P., J. M. Russell III, L. L. Gordley, M. E. Hervig, L. Deaver, P. F. Bernath, K. A. Walker (2010), Validation of v1.022 mesospheric water vapor observed by the SOFIE instrument on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D24314, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014269.

Rong, P. P., J. M. Russell III, M. E. Hervig, and S. M. Bailey (2012), The roles of temperature and water vapor at different stages of the polar mesospheric cloud season, J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D4), D04208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016464.

Rusch, D. W., G. E. Thomas, W. McClintock, A. W. Merkel, S. M. Bailey, J. M. Russell III, C. E. Randall, C. Jeppesen, and M. Callan (2009), The Cloud Imaging and Particle Size Experiment on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere Mission: Cloud Morphology for the Northern 2007 season, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.11.005.

Russell, J. M., III, P. Rong, S. M. Bailey, M. E. Hervig, and S. V. Petelina (2010), Relationship between the summer mesopause and polar mesospheric cloud heights, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16209, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JD013852.

Russell, J. M., III, P. Rong, M. E. Hervig, D. E. Siskind, M. H. Stevens, S. M. Bailey, and J. Gumbel (2014), Analysis of northern midlatitude noctilucent cloud occurrences using satellite data and modeling, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 3238–3250, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JD021017

Sassi, F., H-L Liu, J. Ma, (2013) The lower thermosphere during the northern hemisphere winter of 2009: A modeling study using the high-altitude data assimilation products in WACCM-X, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 8954-8968.

Sato, K., S. Watanabe, Y. Kawatani, Y. Tomikawa,K. Miyazaki, and M. Takahashi (2009), On the origins of mesospheric gravity waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L19801, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039908

Schmidt, H., Brasseur, G. P., Charron, M., Manzini, E., Giorgetta, M. A., Diehl, T., Fomichev, V. I., Kinnison, D., Marsh, D. and Walters, S., (2006), The Hammonia Chemistry Climate Model: Sensitivity of the mesopause region to the 11-year solar cycle and CO2 doubling, J. Clim., 19, 3903-3931, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3829.1

Shettle, E. P., M. T. DeLand, G. E. Thomas, and J. J. Olivero (2009), Long term variations in the frequency of polar mesospheric clouds in the Northern Hemisphere from SBUV, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02803, doi:10.1029/2008GL036048.

Siskind, D.E., C.A. Barth, and R.G. Robie (1989), The response of thermospheric nitric oxide to an auroral storm, 1, Low and middle latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 16,885.

Siskind, D. E., et al., (2007), Polar mesospheric cloud mass and the ice budget, 3. Application of a coupled ice-chemistry-dynamics model and comparison with observations, J. Geophys. Res..,112, D08303, doi: 10.1029/2006JD007499.

Siskind, D. E., et al. (2008), Decreases in atomic hydrogen over the summer pole: Evidence from dehydration from polar mesospheric clouds?, Geophys. Res. Lett, 35, doi:10.1029/2008GL033742.

Siskind, D. E., M. H. Stevens, M. Hervig, F. Sassi, K. Hoppel, C. R. Englert, and A. J. Kochenash (2011), Consequences of recent Southern Hemisphere winter variability on polar mesospheric clouds, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73, 2013-2021, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2011.06.014

Siskind, D.E., D.P. Drob, J.T. Emmert, M.H. Stevens, P.E. Sheese, E.J. Llewellyn, M.E. Hervig, R. Niciewjewski, A.J. Kochenash (2012), Linkages between the cold summer mesospause and thermospheric zonal mean circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L01904, doi:10.1029/2011GL050196.

Siskind, D. E., M. H. Stevens, M. E. Hervig, and C. E. Randall (2013), Recent observations of high mass density polar mesospheric clouds: A link to space traffic?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2813–2817, doi:10.1002/grl.50540.

Siskind, D. E., and J. P. McCormack (2014), Summer mesospheric warmings and the quasi 2 day wave, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 717–722, doi:10.1002/2013GL058875.

Siskind, D. E., D. Drob, K. Dymond, J. P. McCormack, (2014) Simulations of the effects of vertical transport on the thermosphere and ionosphere using two co0upled models, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1172-1185, doi:10.1002/2013JA019116.

Smith, A. K., V. L. Harvey, M. G. Mlynczak, B. Funke, M. Garcia-Comas, M. Hervig, M. Kaufmann, E. Kyrola, M. Lopez-Puertas, I., McDade, C. E. Randall, J. M. Russell III, P. E. Sheese, M. Shiotani, W. R. Skinner, M. Suzuki, K. A. Walker, (2013), Satellite observations of ozone in the upper atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 5803–5821, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50445.

Smith, S., J. Baumgardner, and M. Mendillo (2009), Evidence of mesospheric gravity-waves generated by orographic forcing in the troposphere, Geophys. Res. Lett.,36, L08807, doi:10.1029/2008GL036936

Stevens, M.H., J. Gumbel, C.R. Englert, K.U. Grossmann, M. Rapp and P. Hartogh (2003), Polar mesospheric clouds formed from space shuttle exhaust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(10), 1546, doi: 10.1029/2003GL017249.

Stevens, M.H., C.R. Englert, M.T. DeLand and M.E. Hervig (2005a), The polar mesospheric cloud mass in the Arctic summer, J. Geophys. Res.,110, A02306, doi:10.1029/2004JA010566.

Stevens, M.H., R.R. Meier, X. Chu, M.T. DeLand and J.M.C. Plane (2005b), Antarctic mesospheric clouds formed from space shuttle exhaust, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L13810, doi:10.1029/2005GL023054.

Stevens et al., (2009), The diurnal variation of noctilucent cloud frequency near 55ーN observed by SHIMMER, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 71, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2008.10.009.

Stevens et al., (2010), Tidally induced variations of PMC altitudes and ice water content using a data assimilation system, J. Geophys. Res., 115,, D18209, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009JD013225.

Stevens, M.H., S. Lossow, J. Fiedler, K. Hallgren, P. Hartogh, C.E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S.M. Bailey, R. Niciejewski, R.R. Meier, J.M.C. Plane, A.J. Kochenash, D.P. Murtagh and C.R. Englert (2012), Bright polar mesospheric clouds formed by main engine exhaust from the space shuttle's final launch, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D19206, doi:10.1029/2012JD017638.

Stevens, M.H., S. Lossow, D.E. Siskind, R.R. Meier, C.E. Randall, J.M. Russell III, J. Urban, D. Murtagh, (2014), Space shuttle exhaust plumes in the lower thermosphere: Advective transport and diffusive spreading, J. Atm. Solar.-Terr. Phys., 108, 50-60, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2013.12.004.

Taylor, M. J. et al. (2002), Mesospheric cloud observations at unusually low latitudes, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 991-999.

Taylor, M. J., P.-D. Pautet, Y. Zhao, C. E. Randall, J. Lumpe, S. M. Bailey, J. Carstens, K. Nielsen, J. M. Russell III, J. Stegman (2011), High-latitude gravity wave measurements in noctilucent clouds and polar mesospheric clouds. Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere, IAGA Special Sopron Book Series, vol. 2, part 1, 93-105, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0326-1_7.

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Thurairajah, B., S. M. Bailey, C. Y. Cullens, M. E. Hervig, and J. M. Russell III (2014), Gravity wave activity during recent stratospheric sudden warming events from SOFIE temperature measurements, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 8091–8103, doi:10.1002/2014JD021763.

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Yue J., and W. Wang (2014), Changes of thermospheric composition and ionospheric density caused by quasi-two-day wave dissipation, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019725

Yue, J., B. Thurairajah, L. Hoffmann, J. Alexander, A. Chandran, M. J. Taylor, J. M. Russell III, C. E. Randall, and S. M. Bailey (2014), Concentric gravity waves in polar mesospheric clouds from the Cloud Imaging and Particle Size experiment, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 5115–5127, doi:10.1002/2013JD021385

Zhao, Y., M. J. Taylor, C. E. Randall, J.D. Lumpe, D.E.Siskind, S. M. Bailey, J. M. Russell III (2015), Investigating seasonal gravity wave activity in the summer polar mesosphere, J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys.- in review.

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Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado (2015) Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere—CIPS Instrument.

Spaceweather.com (2015) Realtime NLC Gallery.

NASA Earth Observatory (2013, June 25) Early Start for Noctilucent Clouds.

NASA Earth Observatory (2011, January 27) Night-Shining Clouds Are Getting Brighter.

 

 
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